How Scotland and England Merged in the First Place

Now that the Scots have rejected independence from the U.K., it’s worth asking how Scotland and England got hooked up in the first place.

For centuries, Scotland was England’s enemy — always reliable for a northern invasion when England’s number-one enemy, France, called for a diversion. That and fear of a French invasion through Scotland led England to interfere in Scottish affairs over and over, often via invasion. Continue reading “How Scotland and England Merged in the First Place”

How Scotland Can Have a Republican Head of State AND a Royal Family

On September 18, Scotland’s people will vote on whether to secede from the United Kingdom. If they vote yes, they’ll have to decide whether to keep the monarchy. Some favor a “personal union” in which the Queen remains head of state. Others want a sovereign republic: an end to the monarchy in Scotland. It’s a hard choice, and the struggle will create division and resentment, just when the new state needs unity. But the Scots don’t have to choose. They can keep their connection to the monarchy while establishing a sovereign republic with its own president. Here’s how. Continue reading “How Scotland Can Have a Republican Head of State AND a Royal Family”